DNA yield and quality of saliva samples and suitability for large scale epidemiological studies in children

Koni, A.C., Scott, R.A., Wang, G., Bailey, M.E.S. , Peplies, J., Bammann, K. and Pitsiladis, Y.P. (2011) DNA yield and quality of saliva samples and suitability for large scale epidemiological studies in children. International Journal of Obesity, 35(Suppl.), S113-S118.

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Objective: To evaluate two saliva collection methods for DNA yield and quality as applied to a large, integrated, multicentre, European project involving the collection of biological material from children. Design: Cross-sectional multicentre comparative study in young children. Methods: Saliva samples were collected from 14 019 children aged 2-9 years from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary-and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) study. This involved either the collection of 2 ml of saliva from children who were able to spit, or using a sponge to collect whole saliva and buccal mucosal cells from the inside of the mouth of younger children unable to spit. Samples were assembled centrally in each participating centre and subsequently despatched for DNA extraction and biobanking to the University of Glasgow. A subgroup of 4678 samples (similar to 33% of sampled individuals) were chosen for DNA extraction before genotyping. Results: The whole-saliva collection method resulted in a higher DNA yield than the sponge collection method (mean +/- s.d.; saliva: 20.95 +/- 2.35 mu g, sponge: 9.13 +/- 2.25 mu g; P < 0.001). DNA quality as measured by A(260)/A(280) was similar for the two collection methods. A minimum genotype calling success rate of 95% showed that both methods provide good-quality DNA for genotyping using TaqMan allelic discrimination assays. Conclusions: Our results showed higher DNA yield from the whole-saliva collection method compared with the assisted sponge collection. However, both collection methods provided DNA of sufficient quantity and quality for large-scale genetic epidemiological studies.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Scott, Dr Robert and Pitsiladis, Dr Yannis and Bailey, Dr Mark and Wang, Dr Guang Xing
Authors: Koni, A.C., Scott, R.A., Wang, G., Bailey, M.E.S., Peplies, J., Bammann, K., and Pitsiladis, Y.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:International Journal of Obesity
Journal Abbr.:Int. J. Obesity supplement
ISSN (Online):1476-5497

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