Interleukin-1 regulates multiple atherogenic mechanisms in response to fat feeding

Xu, A., Chamberlain, J., Francis, S., Brookes, Z., Shaw, G., Graham, D. , Alp, N.J., Dower, S. and Crossman, D.C. (2009) Interleukin-1 regulates multiple atherogenic mechanisms in response to fat feeding. PLoS ONE, 4(4), e5073. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005073)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005073

Abstract

Background: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process that develops in individuals with known risk factors that include hypertension and hyperlipidaemia, influenced by diet. However, the interplay between diet, inflammatory mechanisms and vascular risk factors requires further research. We hypothesised that interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling in the vessel wall would raise arterial blood pressure and promote atheroma. Methodology/Principal Findings: Apoe(-/-) and Apoe(-/-)/IL-1R1(-/-) mice were fed high fat diets for 8 weeks, and their blood pressure and atherosclerosis development measured. Apoe(-/-)/IL-R1(-/-) mice had a reduced blood pressure and significantly less atheroma than Apoe(-/-) mice. Selective loss of IL-1 signaling in the vessel wall by bone marrow transplantation also reduced plaque burden (p<0.05). This was associated with an IL-1 mediated loss of endothelium-dependent relaxation and an increase in vessel wall Nox 4. Inhibition of IL-1 restored endothelium-dependent vasodilatation and reduced levels of arterial oxidative stress. Conclusions/Significance: The IL-1 cytokine system links atherogenic environmental stimuli with arterial inflammation, oxidative stress, increased blood pressure and atherosclerosis. This is the first demonstration that inhibition of a single cytokine can block the rise in blood pressure in response to an environmental stimulus. IL-1 inhibition may have profound beneficial effects on atherogenesis in man.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Graham, Dr Delyth
Authors: Xu, A., Chamberlain, J., Francis, S., Brookes, Z., Shaw, G., Graham, D., Alp, N.J., Dower, S., and Crossman, D.C.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:© 2009 Chamberlain et al
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 2009 4(4): e5073
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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