Methylation linear discriminant analysis (MLDA) for identifying differentially methylated CpG islands

Dai, W., Teodoridis, J.M., Graham, J., Zeller, C., Huang, T.H.M., Yan, P., Vass, J.K., Brown, R. and Paul, J. (2008) Methylation linear discriminant analysis (MLDA) for identifying differentially methylated CpG islands. BMC Bioinformatics, 9(337), (doi:10.1186/1471-2105-9-337)

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Abstract

<b>Background:</b> Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands is strongly correlated to transcriptional gene silencing and epigenetic maintenance of the silenced state. As well as its role in tumor development, CpG island methylation contributes to the acquisition of resistance to chemotherapy. Differential Methylation Hybridisation (DMH) is one technique used for genomewide DNA methylation analysis. The study of such microarray data sets should ideally account for the specific biological features of DNA methylation and the non-symmetrical distribution of the ratios of unmethylated and methylated sequences hybridised on the array. We have therefore developed a novel algorithm tailored to this type of data, Methylation Linear Discriminant Analysis (MLDA). <b>Results:</b> MLDA was programmed in R (version 2.7.0) and the package is available at CRAN [1]. This approach utilizes linear regression models of non-normalised hybridisation data to define methylation status. Log-transformed signal intensities of unmethylated controls on the microarray are used as a reference. The signal intensities of DNA samples digested with methylation sensitive restriction enzymes and mock digested are then transformed to the likelihood of a locus being methylated using this reference. We tested the ability of MLDA to identify loci differentially methylated as analysed by DMH between cisplatin sensitive and resistant ovarian cancer cell lines. MLDA identified 115 differentially methylated loci and 23 out of 26 of these loci have been independently validated by Methylation Specific PCR and/or bisulphite pyrosequencing. <b>Conclusion:</b> MLDA has advantages for analyzing methylation data from CpG island microarrays, since there is a clear rational for the definition of methylation status, it uses DMH data without between-group normalisation and is less influenced by cross-hybridisation of loci. The MLDA algorithm successfully identified differentially methylated loci between two classes of samples analysed by DMH using CpG island microarrays.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Paul, Mr James
Authors: Dai, W., Teodoridis, J.M., Graham, J., Zeller, C., Huang, T.H.M., Yan, P., Vass, J.K., Brown, R., and Paul, J.
Subjects:R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:BMC Bioinformatics
Publisher:Biomed Central
ISSN:1471-2105

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