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Feedback control of unsupported standing in paraplegia. Part I: optimal control approach

Hunt, K.J., Munih, M., and Donaldson, N. (1997) Feedback control of unsupported standing in paraplegia. Part I: optimal control approach. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 5 (4). pp. 331-340. ISSN 1534-4320

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Publisher's URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/tocresult.jsp?isNumber=14167&puNumber=86

Abstract

This is the first of a pair of papers which describe an investigation into the feasibility of providing artificial balance to paraplegics using electrical stimulation of the paralyzed muscles. By bracing the body above the shanks, only stimulation of the plantarflexors is necessary. This arrangement prevents any influence from the intact neuromuscular system above the spinal cord lesion. Here, the authors extend the design of the controllers to a nested-loop LQG (linear quadratic Gaussian) stimulation controller which has ankle moment feedback (inner loops) and inverted pendulum angle feedback (outer loop). Each control loop is tuned by two parameters, the control weighting and an observer rise-time, which together determine the behavior. The nested structure was chosen because it is robust, despite changes in the muscle properties (fatigue) and interference from spasticity.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:UNSPECIFIED
Authors: Hunt, K.J., Munih, M., and Donaldson, N.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering
Publisher:IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
ISSN:1534-4320
Copyright Holders:© Copyright IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
First Published:First published in IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering 5(4):331-340
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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