Using mathematical models to guide the simuation of Improvised Explosive Devices in public spaces

Nilsen-Nygaard, L. and Johnson, C.W. (2008) Using mathematical models to guide the simuation of Improvised Explosive Devices in public spaces. In: Third IET Systems Safety Conference, NEC, Birmingham, UK, 2008, Birmingham, UK, 20-22 October 2008,

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Terrorist attacks, for example in Madrid and London, have increased concern over the threat that Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) pose to public safety. Insurgent groups in Iraq and Afghanistan have developed relatively sophisticated tactics, including the use of synchronised attacks with multiple devices that have not yet been witnessed in Europe or North America. Some of these approaches specifically target the fire and rescue services. Computer simulations provide tools that can be used to plan the response to potential attacks. They can be used to work through a range of scenarios so that emergency personnel minimise their vulnerability and mitigate the threat posed to the general public. However, it can be difficult to simulate the range of human behaviours that are seen in the aftermath of terrorist attacks. Similarly, it is unclear how to develop appropriate blast and fragmentation models that capture a range of future Improvised Explosive Devices. The following pages present a brief overview of mathematical models that are being integrated into simulation tools to address these problems.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Johnson, Professor Chris and Nilsen-Nygaard, Ms Louisa
Authors: Nilsen-Nygaard, L., and Johnson, C.W.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Publisher:IET Conference Publications

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