Using evacuation simulations for contingency planning to enhance the security and safety of the 2012 olympic venues

Johnson, C.W. (2008) Using evacuation simulations for contingency planning to enhance the security and safety of the 2012 olympic venues. Safety Science, 46(2), pp. 302-322. (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.05.008)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2007.05.008

Abstract

In July 2005, London was awarded the right to host the 2012 olympic and paralympic games. The decision of the International Olympic Committee triggered considerable public enthusiasm across the UK. At the same time, it also created a host of logistical and technical challenges. Amongst these the first concern is to ensure the safety and security of competitors and of the public. This paper extends ‘lessons learned’ techniques to analyze security incidents at previous games. This analysis of previous incidents is used to identify key issues that complicate the organization of olympic events. For example, there is a danger that concern over previous incidents, such as the Munich attack or the Atlanta bombing, will obscure other forms of attack. Conversely, it is difficult to validate risk-based approaches that consider the likelihood of threats which have yet to be realized. The closing sections argue that computer simulation techniques can be used early in planning to help envisage those scenarios that compromise the safety and security of olympic events. They can also be used closer to the games, as training tools to rehearse key tactics and standard operating procedures before live drills are conducted.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Johnson, Professor Chris
Authors: Johnson, C.W.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Journal Name:Safety Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0925-7535
Published Online:20 August 2007

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