The impact of diabetes-related complications on healthcare costs: results from the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS Study No. 65)

Clarke, P., Gray, A., Legood, R., Briggs, A. and Holman, R. (2003) The impact of diabetes-related complications on healthcare costs: results from the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS Study No. 65). Diabetic Medicine, 20(6), pp. 442-450. (doi:10.1046/j.1464-5491.2003.00972.x)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1464-5491.2003.00972.x

Abstract

<b>Aims</b> To develop a model for estimating the immediate and long-term healthcare costs associated with seven diabetes-related complications in patients with Type 2 diabetes participating in the UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS). <b>Methods</b> The costs associated with some major complications were estimated using data on 5102 UKPDS patients (mean age 52.4 years at diagnosis). In-patient and out-patient costs were estimated using multiple regression analysis based on costs calculated from the length of admission multiplied by the average specialty cost and a survey of 3488 UKPDS patients’ healthcare usage conducted in 1996–1997. <b>Results</b> Using the model, the estimate of the cost of first complications were as follows: amputation £8459 (95% confidence interval £5295, £13 200); non-fatal myocardial infarction £4070 (£3580, £4722); fatal myocardial infarction £1152 (£941, £1396); fatal stroke £3383 (£1935, £5431); non-fatal stroke £2367 (£1599, £3274); ischaemic heart disease £1959 (£1467, £2541); heart failure £2221 (£1690, £2896); cataract extraction £1553 (£1320, £1855); and blindness in one eye £872 (£526, £1299). The annual average in-patient cost of events in subsequent years ranged from £631 (£403, £896) for heart failure to £105 (£80, £142) for cataract extraction. Non-in-patient costs for macrovascular complications were £315 (£247, £394) and for microvascular complications were £273 (£215, £343) in the year of the event. In each subsequent year the costs were, respectively, £258 (£228, £297) and £204 (£181, £255). <b>Conclusions</b> These results provide estimates of the immediate and long-term healthcare costs associated with seven diabetes-related complications.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Briggs, Professor Andrew
Authors: Clarke, P., Gray, A., Legood, R., Briggs, A., and Holman, R.
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Diabetic Medicine
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0742-3071
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2003 Blackwell
First Published:First published in Diabetic Medicine 20(6):442-450
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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