The GOAL study: a prospective examination of the impact of factor V Leiden and ABO(H) blood groups on haemorrhagic and thrombotic pregnancy outcomes

Clark, P., Walker, I.D., Govan, L. , Wu, O. and Greer, I.A. (2008) The GOAL study: a prospective examination of the impact of factor V Leiden and ABO(H) blood groups on haemorrhagic and thrombotic pregnancy outcomes. British Journal of Haematology, 140(2), pp. 236-240. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2007.06902.x)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2007.06902.x

Abstract

Factor V Leiden (FVL) and ABO(H) blood groups are the common influences on haemostasis and retrospective studies have linked FVL with pregnancy complications. However, only one sizeable prospective examination has taken place. As a result, neither the impact of FVL in unselected subjects, any interaction with ABO(H) in pregnancy, nor the utility of screening for FVL is defined. A prospective study of 4250 unselected pregnancies was carried out. A venous thromboembolism (VTE) rate of 1·23/1000 was observed, but no significant association between FVL and pre-eclampsia, intra-uterine growth restriction or pregnancy loss was seen. No influence of FVL and/or ABO(H) on ante-natal bleeding or intra-partum or postpartum haemorrhage was observed. However, FVL was associated with birth-weights >90th centile [odds ratio (OR) 1·81; 95% confidence interval (CI<sub>95</sub>) 1·04–3·31] and neonatal death (OR 14·79; CI<sub>95</sub> 2·71–80·74). No association with ABO(H) alone, or any interaction between ABO(H) and FVL was observed. We neither confirmed the protective effect of FVL on pregnancy-related blood loss reported in previous smaller studies, nor did we find the increased risk of some vascular complications reported in retrospective studies.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Factor V Leiden, ABO(H), blood groups, veinous thrombosis, haemorrhage, pregnancy complications.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Govan, Dr Lindsay and Wu, Professor Olivia
Authors: Clark, P., Walker, I.D., Govan, L., Wu, O., and Greer, I.A.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
Journal Name:British Journal of Haematology
Journal Abbr.:Brit. J. Haematol.
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0007-1048
ISSN (Online):1365-2141
Published Online:19 November 2007
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 Blackwell
First Published:First published in British Journal of Haematology 140(2):236-240
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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