Acute `strokenomics': efficacy and economic analyses of alteplase for acute ischemic stroke

Quinn, T.J. and Dawson, J. (2009) Acute `strokenomics': efficacy and economic analyses of alteplase for acute ischemic stroke. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, 9(6), pp. 513-522. (doi:10.1586/erp.09.63)

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Abstract

Cerebrovascular disease is the leading cause of adult disability in Western countries and, as such, is associated with a considerable and increasing economic burden. Prevention of disability is preferable to a costly and prolonged period of rehabilitation; however, in this regard, we have only a limited number of acute treatments. Treatment of ischemic stroke with the tissue plasminogen activator alteplase has a considerable and compelling evidence base confirming its clinical efficacy. Good-quality trial data are complemented by years of `real-life' clinical experience. There is limited pharmacoeconomic literature describing the use of alteplase in ischemic stroke, and published data are consistent and broadly supportive of its use in select patient populations. Delivery of stroke and other medical care can differ across countries; however, models based on American, Canadian and European data suggest that following initial monetary investment, net healthcare-associated costs for tissue plasminogen activator-treated patients are less than for untreated contemporaries. Potential savings are driven by reduced disability and associated long-term care costs. At present, robust economic data are only available for the period of 1-year following stroke. Continuing cost savings associated with reduced disability in the longer term make intuitive sense but are yet to be confirmed. A recurring theme in these economic analyses is of reducing healthcare costs associated with the increasing use of thrombolysis. In this regard, it is unfortunate that rates of tissue plasminogen activator utilization remain modest in most centers. This review will discuss the economics of alteplase in acute stroke, making particular reference to the current and projected economic burden of stroke, the evidence base for thrombolysis and published literature on the economics analyses of this therapy.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Dawson, Professor Jesse and Quinn, Dr Terence
Authors: Quinn, T.J., and Dawson, J.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Publisher:Expert Reviews Ltd.
ISSN:1473-7167
ISSN (Online):1744-8379

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