Learning and Reversal Learning in the Subcortical Limbic System: A Computational Model

Thompson, A., Porr, B. and Worgotter, F. (2010) Learning and Reversal Learning in the Subcortical Limbic System: A Computational Model. Adaptive Behavior, 18(3-4), pp. 211-236. (doi:10.1177/1059712309353612)

Thompson, A., Porr, B. and Worgotter, F. (2010) Learning and Reversal Learning in the Subcortical Limbic System: A Computational Model. Adaptive Behavior, 18(3-4), pp. 211-236. (doi:10.1177/1059712309353612)

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Abstract

We present a biologically inspired model of the subcortical nuclei of the limbic system that is capable of performing reversal learning in a food-seeking task. In contrast to previous models, the reversal is modeled by the inhibition of the previously learned behavior. This allows for the reinstatement of behavior to recur quickly, as observed in animal behavior. In this model learning is achieved by implementing isotropic sequence order learning and a third factor (ISO-3) that triggers learning at relevant moments. This third factor is modeled by phasic and tonic dopaminergic activity which respectively enable long-term potentiation to occur during acquisition, and long-term depression (LTD) to occur when adjustments in learned behaviors are required. It will be shown how the nucleus accumbens core uses conditioned reinforcers to invigorate instrumental responding while relatively strong LTD in the shell influences the core through a shell-ventral pallido-mediodorsal pathway. This pathway functions as a feed-forward switching mechanism and enables behavioral flexibility

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX DEPENDENT PLASTICITY DISCRIMINATION REVERSAL dopamine DOPAMINE-RECEPTORS model nucleus accumbens NUCLEUS-ACCUMBENS CORE PAVLOVIAN APPROACH BEHAVIOR RAT PREFRONTAL CORTEX reversal learning SEEKING BEHAVIOR system TERM SYNAPTIC DEPRESSION three factor ISO Learning VENTRAL STRIATUM
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Porr, Dr Bernd
Authors: Thompson, A., Porr, B., and Worgotter, F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Adaptive Behavior
ISSN:1059-7123

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