Levy, A.R., Szabo, S., Briggs, A., Pleil, A., Davie, A., Zlateva, G., and Javitt, J. (2009) Joint Assessment of Intended and Unintended Effects of Medications: An Example Using Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibitors for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Journal of Ophthalmology, 2009 . p. 540431. ISSN 2090-004X (doi:10.1155/2009/540431)
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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/540431
Objective. To estimate the net health benefits of pegaptanib and ranibizumab by considering the impact of visual acuity and unintended effects (cardiovascular and hemorrhagic events) on quality-of-life among persons with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Methods. We designed a probabilistic decision-analytic model using published data. It employed 17 visual health states and three for unintended effects. We calculated incremental net health benefits by subtracting the harms of each medication from the benefit using the quality-adjusted life year (QALY). Results. In a hypothetical cohort of 1,000 75-year olds with new-onset bilateral age-related macular degeneration followed for ten years, the mean QALYs per patient is 3.7 for usual care, 4.2 for pegaptanib, and 4.3 for ranibizumab. Net benefits decline with increasing baseline rates of unintended effects. Interpretation. Net health benefits present a quantitative, potentially useful tool to assist patients and ophthalmologists in balancing the benefits and harms of interventions for age-related macular degeneration.
|Glasgow Author(s):||Briggs, Prof Andrew|
|Authors:||Levy, A.R., Szabo, S., Briggs, A., Pleil, A., Davie, A., Zlateva, G., and Javitt, J.|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine > Centre for Population and Health Sciences|
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
|Journal Name:||Journal of Ophthalmology|