Local feature extraction and matching on range images: 2.5D SIFT

Lo, T. and Siebert, J.P. (2009) Local feature extraction and matching on range images: 2.5D SIFT. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 113(12), pp. 1235-1250. (doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2009.06.005)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cviu.2009.06.005

Abstract

This paper presents an algorithm that extracts robust feature descriptors from 2.5D range images, in order to provide accurate point-based correspondences between compared range surfaces. The algorithm is inspired by the two-dimensional (2D) Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) in which descriptors comprising the local distribution function of the image gradient orientations, are extracted at each sampling keypoint location over a local measurement aperture. We adapt this concept into the 2.5D domain by concatenating the histogram of the range surface topology types, derived using the bounded [−1, 1] shape index, and the histogram of the range gradient orientations to form a feature descriptor. These histograms are sampled within a measurement window centred over each mathematically derived keypoint location. Furthermore, the local slant and tilt at each keypoint location are estimated by extracting range surface normals, allowing the three-dimensional (3D) pose of each keypoint to be recovered and used to adapt the descriptor sampling window to provide a more reliable match under out-of-plane viewpoint rotation.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Siebert, Dr Jan
Authors: Lo, T., and Siebert, J.P.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Journal Name:Computer Vision and Image Understanding
ISSN:1077-3142

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