Finite element forming simulation for non-crimp fabrics using a non-orthogonal constitutive equation

Yu, W.-R., Harrison, P. and Long, A. (2005) Finite element forming simulation for non-crimp fabrics using a non-orthogonal constitutive equation. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 36(8), pp. 1079-1093. (doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.01.007)

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The forming behaviour of non-crimp fabric (NCF) was simulated using finite element (FE) analysis incorporating a non-orthogonal constitutive model. NCFs feature asymmetric shear behaviour caused by the stitching used to hold the tows together. This asymmetric shear property causes an asymmetric draping pattern of NCF, even when formed over a symmetrical hemispherical forming tool. Current work focuses on the feasibility of a continuum mechanics model to simulate the asymmetric forming behaviour of NCF. The constitutive equation consists of two parts: the tensile contribution from fibre reinforcement and the shear stiffness. For the fibre directional properties, a non-orthogonal equation originally developed for woven fabric was adopted. The shear stiffness was modelled through a constitutive equation incorporating picture-frame shear data. Both a picture-frame shear test and forming of NCF over a hemisphere tool were simulated by commercial finite element software with the current constitutive model implemented within a user material subroutine. The virtual picture-frame test confirmed the validity of the constitutive equation in simulating planar deformation behaviour of NCF. Furthermore, the numerical analysis of hemispherical forming suggests that increasing blank-holder force decreases the asymmetry of the draped pattern.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:A correction to this article is available at
Keywords:Non-crimp fabric, forming simulation.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Harrison, Dr Philip
Authors: Yu, W.-R., Harrison, P., and Long, A.
Subjects:T Technology > TS Manufactures
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
University Centres > Glasgow Materials Research Initiative
Journal Name:Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
ISSN (Online):1878-5840
Published Online:07 March 2005
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