Reduced LDL-cholesterol levels in patients with coronary artery disease are paralelled by improved endothelial function: An observational study in patients from 2003 and 2007

Delles, C. , Dymott, J.A., Neisius, U., Rocchiccioli, J.P., Bryce, G.J., Moreno Zulategui, M.U., Carty, D.M., Berg, G.A., Hamilton, C.A. and Dominiczak, A.F. (2010) Reduced LDL-cholesterol levels in patients with coronary artery disease are paralelled by improved endothelial function: An observational study in patients from 2003 and 2007. Atherosclerosis, 211(1), pp. 271-277. (doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2010.01.014)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2010.01.014

Abstract

bjective: Recent guidelines recommend more aggressive lipid-lowering in secondary prevention protocols. We examined whether this resulted in improved endothelial function. Methods: We studied saphenous vein specimens of patients undergoing surgical coronary revascularisation in 2007 and compared results with those of patients examined in 2003. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation was assessed by relaxation to calcium ionophore A23187, and vascular superoxide production by lucigenin enhanced chemiluminescence. Results: Statin dose increased from 26 +/- 16 mg/d in 2003 to 37 +/- 17 mg/d in 2007 (P < 0.001), and total (4.0 +/- 0.9 mmol/L vs 4.8 +/- 1.0 mmol/L) and LDL-cholesterol levels (2.0 +/- 0.7 mmol/L vs 3.0 +/- 0.9 mmol/L) were lower in 2007 compared to 2003 (P < 0.001; n = 90 each). Endothelium-dependent vasodilation was greater in 2007 (44 +/- 15%) compared to 2003 (28 +/- 12%; n = 36 each; P < 0.001). Vascular superoxide derived from endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) was lower in 2007 than in 2003 (reduction by N-G-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, 0.29 +/- 0.21 nmol/(mg min) vs 0.09 +/- 0.20 nmol/(mg min); P = 0.002). In linear regression analysis, LDL-cholesterol levels have been shown to be the major determinant of endothelial function in the combined 2003 and 2007 cohort. Conclusion: Intensive lipid-lowering is associated with improved endothelial function and reduced superoxide production from eNOS. Further improvement in vascular function could be achieved by targeting other sources of superoxide including xanthine oxidase

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rocchiccioli, Dr John and Dymott, Dr Jane and Moreno Zulategui, Dr Maria de Ujue and Neisius, Dr Ulf and Hamilton, Dr Carlene and Dominiczak, Professor Anna and Delles, Professor Christian and Carty, Dr David
Authors: Delles, C., Dymott, J.A., Neisius, U., Rocchiccioli, J.P., Bryce, G.J., Moreno Zulategui, M.U., Carty, D.M., Berg, G.A., Hamilton, C.A., and Dominiczak, A.F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Atherosclerosis
Publisher:Elsevier Ireland Ltd
ISSN:0021-9150
ISSN (Online):1879-1484

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