p73 regulates DRAM-independent autophagy that does not contribute to programmed cell death

Crighton, D., O'Prey, J., Bell, H.S. and Ryan, K.M. (2007) p73 regulates DRAM-independent autophagy that does not contribute to programmed cell death. Cell Death and Differentiation, 14(6), pp. 1071-1079. (doi:10.1038/sj.cdd.4402108)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.cdd.4402108

Abstract

Evading programmed cell death is a common event in tumour development. The p53 family member, p73, is a potent inducer of death and a determinant of chemotherapeutic response, but different to p53, is rarely mutated in cancer. Understanding cell death pathways downstream of p53 and p73 is therefore pivotal to understand both the development and treatment of malignant disease. Recently, p53 has been shown to modulate autophagy - a membrane trafficking process, which degrades long-lived proteins and organelles. This requires a p53 target gene, DRAM, and both DRAM and autophagy are critical for p53-mediated death. We report here that TA-p73 also regulates DRAM and autophagy, with different TA-p73 isoforms regulating DRAM and autophagy to varying extents. RNAi knockdown of DRAM, however, revealed that p73's modulation of autophagy is DRAM-independent. Also, p73's ability to induce death, again different to p53, is neither dependent on DRAM nor autophagy. In contrast to TA-p73, Delta N-p73 is a negative regulator of p53-induced and p73-induced autophagy, but does not affect autophagy induced by amino-acid starvation. These studies, therefore, represent not only the first report that p73 modulates autophagy but also highlight important differences in the mechanism by which starvation, p53 and p73 regulate autophagy and how this contributes to programmed cell death.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ryan, Professor Kevin and O'Prey, Mr James and Crighton, Dr Diane
Authors: Crighton, D., O'Prey, J., Bell, H.S., and Ryan, K.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Death and Differentiation
ISSN:1350-9047

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