c-Jun NH2-Terminal Kinase Activation Is Essential for DRAM-Dependent Induction of Autophagy and Apoptosis in 2-Methoxyestradiol-Treated Ewing Sarcoma Cells

Lorin, S., Borges, A., Ribeiro Dos Santos, L., Souquere, S., Pierron, G., Ryan, K.M. , Codogno, P. and Djavaheri-Mergny, M. (2009) c-Jun NH2-Terminal Kinase Activation Is Essential for DRAM-Dependent Induction of Autophagy and Apoptosis in 2-Methoxyestradiol-Treated Ewing Sarcoma Cells. Cancer Research, 69(17), pp. 6924-6931. (doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-1270)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-1270

Abstract

Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma are two aggressive cancers that affect bones and soft tissues in children and adolescents. Despite multimodal therapy, patients with metastatic sarcoma have a poor prognosis, emphasizing a need for more effective treatment. We have shown previously that 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an antitumoral compound, induces apoptosis in Ewing sarcoma cells through c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. In the present study, we provide evidence that 2-ME elicits macroautophagy, a process that participates in apoptotic responses, in a JNK-dependent manner, in Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma cells. We also found that the enhanced activation of JNK by 2-ME is partially regulated by p53, highlighting the relationship of JNK and autophagy to p53 signaling pathway. Furthermore, we showed that 2-ME up-regulates damage-regulated autophagy modulator (DRAM), a p53 target gene, in Ewing sarcoma cells through a mechanism that involves JNK activation. The silencing of DRAM expression reduced both apoptosis and autophagy triggered by 2-ME in Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma cells. Our results therefore identify JNK as a novel mediator of DRAM regulation. These findings suggest that 2-ME or other anticancer therapies that increase DRAM expression or function could be used to effectively treat sarcoma patients

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ryan, Professor Kevin
Authors: Lorin, S., Borges, A., Ribeiro Dos Santos, L., Souquere, S., Pierron, G., Ryan, K.M., Codogno, P., and Djavaheri-Mergny, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cancer Research
ISSN:0008-5472

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