Src-dependent phosphorylation of Scar1 promotes its association with the Arp2/3 complex

Ardern, H., Sandilands, E., Machesky, L.M. , Timpson, P., Frame, M.C. and Brunton, V.G. (2006) Src-dependent phosphorylation of Scar1 promotes its association with the Arp2/3 complex. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, 63(1), pp. 6-13. (doi:10.1002/cm.20101)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cm.20101

Abstract

The WAVE/Scar proteins regulate actin polymerisation at the leading edge of motile cells via activation of the Arp2/3 complex in response to extracellular cues. Within cells they form part of a pentameric complex that is thought to regulate their ability to interact and activate the Arp2/3 complex. However, the exact mechanism for this is not known. We set out to assess whether phosphorylation of Scar1 by the non-receptor tyrosine kinase Src may influence the function of Scar1 and its ability to regulate Arp2/3-mediated actin polymerisation. We show that Scar1 is phosphorylated by Src in vitro and in vivo and identify tyrosine 125 as the major site in Scar1 to be phosphorylated in cells. Src-dependent phosphorylation of Scar1 on tyrosine 125 enhances its ability to bind to the Arp2/3 complex and regulates its ability to control actin polymerisation in cells. Thus, Src may act as an intermediary to regulate the activity of the Arp2/3 complex in response to external stimuli, via modulation of its interaction with WAVE/Scar proteins.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Machesky, Professor Laura
Authors: Ardern, H., Sandilands, E., Machesky, L.M., Timpson, P., Frame, M.C., and Brunton, V.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton
ISSN:0886-1544

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