Proteomic analysis of the mouse mammary gland is a powerful tool to identify novel proteins that are differentially expressed during mammary development

Davies, C. R., Morris, J. S. , Griffiths, M. R., Page, M. J., Pitt, A., Stein, T. and Gusterson, B. A. (2006) Proteomic analysis of the mouse mammary gland is a powerful tool to identify novel proteins that are differentially expressed during mammary development. Proteomics, 6(21), pp. 5694-5704. (doi:10.1002/pmic.200600202)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200600202

Abstract

After lactation, the mouse mammary gland undergoes apoptosis and tissue remodelling as the gland reverts to its prepregnant state. This complex change was investigated using 2-DE. An integrated database was produced from lactation and involution proteomes. Forty-four molecular cluster indexes (MCIs) that showed altered expression from lactation to involution were selected for MS analysis. Of these, 32 gave protein annotations, 18 of which were unequivocal proteins. Selected proteins were then studied across all of development, including pregnancy, using data integrated from another proteome database. Two proteins, the RNA polymerase B transcription factor 3 (BTF3) and the minichromosome maintenance protein 3 (MCM3), although initially selected on the basis of the lactation/involution criteria, had expression profiles that indicated an additional role in mammary development and were further analysed. BTF3, a transcription factor previously not described in the mammary gland, was up-regulated strongly in pregnancy, indicating an involvement in alveolar growth. MCM3's expression was greatest in pregnancy and late involution, decreasing through lactation. Immunohistochemistry localised MCM3 to the mammary epithelium, where a greater proportion of cells stained than for the proliferation marker Ki67. MCM3 expression during lactation may identify cells that are licensed to repopulate the gland during cell loss in lactation and following involution.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stein, Dr Torsten and Morris, Professor Joanna and Gusterson, Professor Barry
Authors: Davies, C. R., Morris, J. S., Griffiths, M. R., Page, M. J., Pitt, A., Stein, T., and Gusterson, B. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Proteomics
ISSN:1615-9853

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