A circumferentially flanged tibial tray minimizes bone-tray shear micromotion

Barker, D.S., Tanner, K.E. and Ryd, L. (2005) A circumferentially flanged tibial tray minimizes bone-tray shear micromotion. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 219(6), pp. 449-456. (doi:10.1243/095441105X34464)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/095441105X34464

Abstract

Aseptic loosening of the tibial component is the major complication of total knee arthroplasty. There is an association between early excessive shear micromotion between the bone and the tray of the tibial component and late aseptic loosening. Using non-linear finite element analysis, whether a tibial tray with a circumferentially flanged rim and a mating cut in the proximal tibia could minimize bone-tray shear micromotion was considered. fifteen competing tray designs with various degrees of flange curvature were assessed with the aim of minimizing bone-tray shear micromotion. A trade-off was found between reducing micromotion and increasing peripheral cancellous bone stresses. It was found that, within the limitations of the study, there was a theoretical design that could virtually eliminate micromotion due to axial loads, with minimal bone removal and without the use of screws or pegs.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Total knee replacement, micromotion, prosthesis design, stress shielding, noncemented.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tanner, Professor Kathleen
Authors: Barker, D.S., Tanner, K.E., and Ryd, L.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Publisher:Professional Engineering Publishing
ISSN:0954-4119
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2005 Professional Engineering Publishing
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine 219(6):449-456
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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