Sparse kernel methods for high-dimensional survival data

Evers, L. and Messow, C.-M. (2008) Sparse kernel methods for high-dimensional survival data. Bioinformatics, 24(14), pp. 1632-1638. (doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btn253)

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Abstract

Sparse kernel methods like support vector machines (SVM) have been applied with great success to classification and (standard) regression settings. Existing support vector classification and regression techniques however are not suitable for partly censored survival data, which are typically analysed using Cox's proportional hazards model. As the partial likelihood of the proportional hazards model only depends on the covariates through inner products, it can be ‘kernelized’. The kernelized proportional hazards model however yields a solution that is dense, i.e. the solution depends on all observations. One of the key features of an SVM is that it yields a sparse solution, depending only on a small fraction of the training data. We propose two methods. One is based on a geometric idea, where—akin to support vector classification—the margin between the failed observation and the observations currently at risk is maximised. The other approach is based on obtaining a sparse model by adding observations one after another akin to the Import Vector Machine (IVM). Data examples studied suggest that both methods can outperform competing approaches.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Messow, Dr Martina and Evers, Dr Ludger
Authors: Evers, L., and Messow, C.-M.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Bioinformatics
ISSN:1367-4803
ISSN (Online):1460-2059
Published Online:30 May 2008

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