Two distinct aetiologies of cardia cancer, evidence from premorbid serological markers of gastric atrophy and Helicobacter pylori status

Hansen, S., Vollset, S.E., Derakhshan, M.H., Fyfe, V., Melby, K.K., Aase, S., Jellum, E. and McColl, K.E.L. (2007) Two distinct aetiologies of cardia cancer, evidence from premorbid serological markers of gastric atrophy and Helicobacter pylori status. Gut, 56(7), pp. 918-925. (doi: 10.1136/gut.2006.114504)

[img]
Preview
Text
96reprint.pdf

348kB

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gut.2006.114504

Abstract

Background: Non-cardia gastric adenocarcinoma is positively associated with Helicobacter pylori infection and atrophic gastritis. The role of H pylori infection and atrophic gastritis in cardia cancer is unclear. Aim: To compare cardia versus non-cardia cancer with respect to the premorbid state of the stomach. Methods: Nested case–control study. To each of 129 non-cardia and 44 cardia cancers, three controls were matched. Serum collected a median of 11.9 years before the diagnosis of cancer was tested for anti-H pylori antibodies, pepsinogen I:II and gastrin. Results: Non-cardia cancer was positively associated with H pylori (OR 4.75, 95% CI 2.56 to 8.81) and gastric atrophy (pepsinogen I:II ,2.5; OR 4.47, 95% CI 2.71 to 7.37). The diffuse and intestinal histological subtypes of non-cardia cancer were of similar proportions and both showed a positive association with H pylori and atrophy. Cardia cancer was negatively associated with H pylori (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.12 to 0.59), but H pylori-positive cardia cancer showed an association with gastric atrophy (OR 3.33, 95% CI 1.06 to 10.5). The predominant histological subtype of cardia cancer was intestinal and was not associated with gastric atrophy compared with the diffuse subtype ((OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.19 to 2.79) vs (OR 3.46, 95% CI 0.32 to 37.5)). Cardia cancer in patients with atrophy had an intestinal: diffuse ratio (1:1) similar to non-cardia cancer (1.9:1), whereas cardia cancers in patients without atrophy were predominantly intestinal (7:1). Conclusion: These findings indicate two aetiologies of cardia cancer, one associated with H pylori atrophic gastritis, resembling non-cardia cancer, and the other associated with non-atrophic gastric mucosa, resembling oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Serological markers of gastric atrophy may provide the key to determining gastric versus oesophageal origin of cardia cancer.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McColl, Professor Kenneth and Derakhshan, Dr Mohammad
Authors: Hansen, S., Vollset, S.E., Derakhshan, M.H., Fyfe, V., Melby, K.K., Aase, S., Jellum, E., and McColl, K.E.L.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Research Group:Gastroenterology
Journal Name:Gut
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0017-5749
Published Online:22 February 2007
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2007 BMJ Publishing Group
First Published:First published in Gut 56:918-925
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record