Type II dehydroquinase: molecular replacement with many copies

Stewart, K. A., Robinson, D. A. and Lapthorn, A. J. (2008) Type II dehydroquinase: molecular replacement with many copies. Acta Crystallographica. Section D: Biological Crystallography, 64, pp. 108-118. (doi: 10.1107/S0907444907054923)

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Type II dehydroquinase is a small (150-amino-acid) protein which in solution packs together to form a dodecamer with 23 cubic symmetry. In crystals of this protein the symmetry of the biological unit can be coincident with the crystallographic symmetry, giving rise to cubic crystal forms with a single monomer in the asymmetric unit. In crystals where this is not the case, multiple copies of the monomer are present, giving rise to significant and often confusing noncrystallographic symmetry in low-symmetry crystal systems. These different crystal forms pose a variety of challenges for solution by molecular replacement. Three examples of structure solutions, including a highly unusual triclinic crystal form with 16 dodecamers (192 monomers) in the unit cell, are described. Four commonly used molecular-replacement packages are assessed against two of these examples, one of high symmetry and the other of low symmetry; this study highlights how program performance can vary significantly depending on the given problem. In addition, the final refined structure of the 16-dodecamer triclinic crystal form is analysed and shown not to be a superlattice structure, but rather an F-centred cubic crystal with frustrated crystallographic symmetry.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Cell, Complexes, Crystal, Crystals, Design, Inhibitors, Mycobacterium-tuberculosis, Non-crystallographic symmetry, Program, Protein, Refinement, Search, Single, Streptomyces-coelicolor, Structure, Symmetry, System, Systems, Unit
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lapthorn, Dr Adrian
Authors: Stewart, K. A., Robinson, D. A., and Lapthorn, A. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Acta Crystallographica. Section D: Biological Crystallography
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN (Online):1399-0047

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