Phospholipase D1 mediates TNFα-induced inflammation in a murine model of TNFα-induced peritonitis

Sethu, S., Pushparaj, P. N. and Melendez Romero, A. J. (2010) Phospholipase D1 mediates TNFα-induced inflammation in a murine model of TNFα-induced peritonitis. PLoS ONE, 5(5), e10506. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010506)

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<p><b>Background:</b> Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF alpha) is a pleiotropic cytokine extensively studied for its role in the pathogenesis of a variety of disease conditions, including in inflammatory diseases. We have recently shown that, in vitro, that TNF alpha utilizes PLD1 to mediate the activation of NF kappa B and ERK1/2 in human monocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the role(s) played by phospholipase D1 (PLD1) in TNF alpha-mediated inflammatory responses in vivo.</p> <p><b>Methodology/Findings:</b> Studies were performed in vivo using a mouse model of TNF alpha-induced peritonitis. The role of PLD1 was investigated by functional genomics, utilizing a specific siRNA to silence the expression of PLD1. Administration of the siRNA against PLD1 significantly reduced PLD1 levels in vivo. TNF alpha triggers a rapid pyrogenic response, but the in vivo silencing of PLD1 protects mice from the TNFa-induced rise in temperature. Similarly TNF alpha caused an increase in the serum levels of IL-6, MIP-1 alpha and MIP-1 beta: this increase in cytokine/chemokine levels was inhibited in mice where PLD1 had been silenced. We then induced acute peritonitis with TNF alpha. Intraperitoneal injection of TNFa triggered a rapid increase in vascular permeability, and the influx of neutrophils and monocytes into the peritoneal cavity. By contrast, in mice where PLD1 had been silenced, the TNF alpha-triggered increase in vascular permeability and phagocyte influx was substantially reduced. Furthermore, we also show that the TNF alpha-mediated upregulation of the cell adhesion molecules VCAM and ICAM1, in the vascular endothelium, were dependent on PLD1.</p> <p><b>Conclusions:</b> These novel data demonstrate a critical role for PLD1 in TNF alpha-induced inflammation in vivo and warrant further investigation. Indeed, our results suggest PLD1 as a novel target for treating inflammatory diseases, where TNF alpha play key roles: these include diseases ranging from sepsis to respiratory and autoimmune diseases; all diseases with considerable unmet medical need.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pushparaj, Dr Peter and Melendez Romero, Dr Alirio
Authors: Sethu, S., Pushparaj, P. N., and Melendez Romero, A. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Published Online:05 May 2010
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2010 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 5(5):e10506
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
462311Therapeutic potential of Sphingosine Kinase blockage in allergic anaphylaxis.Alirio Melendez RomeroMedical Research Council (MRC)G0700794Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation