Statins and risk of incident diabetes: a collaborative meta-analysis of randomised statin trials

Sattar, N. et al. (2010) Statins and risk of incident diabetes: a collaborative meta-analysis of randomised statin trials. Lancet, 375(9716), pp. 735-742. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61965-6)

Sattar, N. et al. (2010) Statins and risk of incident diabetes: a collaborative meta-analysis of randomised statin trials. Lancet, 375(9716), pp. 735-742. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61965-6)

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Abstract

Background Trials of statin therapy have had conflicting findings on the risk of development of diabetes mellitus in patients given statins. We aimed to establish by a meta-analysis of published and unpublished data whether any relation exists between statin use and development of diabetes. Methods We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from. 1994 to 2009, for randomised controlled endpoint trials of statins. We included only trials with more than 1000 patients, with identical follow-up in both groups and duration of more than 1 year. We excluded trials of patients with organ transplants or who needed haemodialysis. We used the 12 statistic to measure heterogeneity between trials and calculated risk estimates for incident diabetes with random-effect meta-analysis. Findings We identified 13 statin trials with 91140 participants, of whom 4278 (2226 assigned statins and 2052 assigned control treatment) developed diabetes during a mean of 4 years. Statin therapy was associated with a 9% increased risk for incident diabetes (odds ratio [OR] 1.09; 95% CI 1.02-1.17), with little heterogeneity (I-2=11%) between trials. Meta-regression showed that risk of development of diabetes with statins was highest in trials with older participants, but neither baseline body-mass index nor change in LDL-cholesterol concentrations accounted for residual variation in risk. Treatment of 255 (95% CI 150-852) patients with statins for 4 years resulted in one extra case of diabetes. Interpretation Statin therapy is associated with a slightly increased risk of development of diabetes, but the risk is low both in absolute terms and when compared with the reduction in coronary events. Clinical practice in patients with moderate or high cardiovascular risk or existing cardiovascular disease should not change

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macfarlane, Professor Peter and Shepherd, Prof James and Freeman, Dr Dilys and Murray, Mrs Heather and Welsh, Dr Paul and Stott J, Professor David and Ford, Professor Ian and McMurray, Professor John and Preiss, Dr David and Packard, Professor Chris and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Sattar, N., Preiss, D., Murray, H.M., Welsh, P., Buckley, B.M., de Craen, A.J.M., Seshasai, S.R.K., McMurray, J.J., Freeman, D.J., Jukema, J.W., Macfarlane, P.W., Packard, C.J., Stott, D.J., Westendorp, R.G., Shepherd, J., Davis, B.R., Pressel, S.L., Marchioli, R., Marfisi, R.M., Maggioni, A.P., Tavazzi, L., Tognoni, G., Kjekshus, J., Pedersen, T.R., Cook, T.J., Gotto, A.M., Clearfield, M.B., Downs, J.R., Nakamura, H., Ohashi, Y., Mizuno, K., Ray, K.K., and Ford, I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Lancet
Publisher:The Lancet Publishing Group
ISSN:0140-6736
ISSN (Online):1474-547X

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