An Independent Subset of TLR Expressing CCR2-Dependent Macrophages Promotes Colonic Inflammation

Platt, A.M., Bain, C.C., Bordon, Y., Sester, D.P. and Mowat, A.M. (2010) An Independent Subset of TLR Expressing CCR2-Dependent Macrophages Promotes Colonic Inflammation. Journal of Immunology, 184(12), pp. 6843-6854. (doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0903987)

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Abstract

Macrophages (M phi s) in the large intestine are crucial effectors of inflammatory bowel disease, but are also essential for homeostasis. It is unclear if these reflect separate populations of M phi s or if resident M phi s change during inflammation. In this study, we identify two subsets of colonic M phi s in mice, whose proportions differ in healthy and inflamed intestine. Under resting conditions, most F4/80(+) M phi s are TLR- CCR2(-) CX3CR1(hi) and do not produce TNF-alpha in response to stimulation. The lack of TLR expression is stable, affects all TLRs, and is determined both transcriptionally and posttranscriptionally. During experimental colitis, TLR2(+) CCR2(+) CX3CR1(int) Ly6C(hi) Gr-1(+), TNF-alpha-producing M phi s come to dominate, and some of these are also present in the normal colon. The TLR2(+) and TLR2(-) subsets are phenotypically distinct and have different turnover kinetics in vivo, and these properties are not influenced by the presence of inflammation. There is preferential CCR2- dependent recruitment of the proinflammatory population during colitis, suggesting they are derived from independent myeloid precursors. CCR2 knockout mice show reduced susceptibility to colitis and lack the recruitment of TLR2(+) CCR2(+) Gr-1(+), TNF-alpha-producing M phi s. The balance between proinflammatory and resident M phi s in the colon is controlled by CCR2-dependent recruitment mechanisms, which could prove useful as targets for therapy in inflammatory bowel disease. The Journal of Immunology, 2010, 184: 6843-6854

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:BLOOD BLOOD MONOCYTES BOWEL-DISEASE BOWEL-DISEASE MUCOSA COLITIS DENDRITIC CELLS DISEASE DISTINCT EXPRESSION immunity IN-VIVO INDUCTION inflammation inflammatory bowel disease INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE INTESTINAL MACROPHAGES LAMINA-PROPRIA Macrophage MACROPHAGES MECHANISM MECHANISMS MICE Myeloid PERIPHERAL-BLOOD POPULATION RECRUITMENT Scotland STIMULATION SULFATE-MEDIATED COLITIS SUSCEPTIBILITY TARGETS THERAPIES THERAPY TNF alpha TNF-ALPHA TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR-2
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mowat, Professor Allan and Bordon, Miss Yvonne and Platt, Dr Andrew
Authors: Platt, A.M., Bain, C.C., Bordon, Y., Sester, D.P., and Mowat, A.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
ISSN:0022-1767

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