Reactive Attachment Disorder symptoms in adults with intellectual disabilities

Minnis, H. , Fleming, G. and Cooper, S. A. (2010) Reactive Attachment Disorder symptoms in adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23(4), pp. 398-403. (doi:10.1111/j.1468-3148.2009.00532.x)

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Abstract

Background Studies with children suggest that reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is associated with pathogenic early care. Little is known about RAD in adults with intellectual disabilities, many of whom experience adversity and abuse in early life. We investigated whether RAD symptoms occur in this population, and explored whether hypothesized risk factors are associated with higher RAD symptom scores. Method Fifty adults with intellectual disabilities residing in long-stay hospitals and their carers participated in a questionnaire survey of RAD symptoms, childhood experiences, and disabilities. Results Reactive attachment disorder symptoms were present in this sample, and symptom scores were independently associated with early childhood adversity, diminished with age, but were not associated with cognitive ability, gender, other disabilities, nor number of childhood years in institutional care. Conclusions As with children with RAD, it is possible that some maltreated adults with intellectual disabilities fail to develop stranger anxiety by the usual developmental age. Over decades, they may gradually learn

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:ABUSE ADULTS AGE ATTACHMENT AUTISM CARE CHILDHOOD CHILDREN COMMUNITIES COMMUNITY DISORDER EXPERIENCE GREEN intellectual disabilities intellectual disability LIFE MODEL NUMBER P53 POPULATION reactive attachment disorder REHABILITATION RISK risk factors RISK-FACTOR RISK-FACTORS SCORE Scotland Survey SYMPTOMS Syndrome
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minnis, Professor Helen and Cooper, Professor Sally-Ann
Authors: Minnis, H., Fleming, G., and Cooper, S. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
ISSN:1360-2322

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