Adaptation and validation of the Tower of London test of planning and problem solving in people with intellectual disabilities

Masson, J. D., Dagnan, D. and Evans, J. (2010) Adaptation and validation of the Tower of London test of planning and problem solving in people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54, pp. 457-467. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01280.x)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Background There is a need for validated, standardised tools for the assessment of executive functions in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study examines the validity of a test of planning and problem solving (Tower of London) with adults with ID. Method Participants completed an adapted version of the Tower of London (ToL) while day-centre staff completed adaptive function (Adaptive Behaviour Scale - Residential and Community: Second Edition, modified version) and dysexecutive function (DEX-Independent Rater) questionnaires for each participant. Correlation analyses of test and questionnaire variables were undertaken. Results The adapted ToL has a robust structure and shows significant associations with independent living skills, challenging behaviour and behaviours related to dysexecutive function. Conclusions The adapted ToL is a valid test for use with people with ID. However, there is also a need to develop other ecologically valid tools based on everyday planning tasks undertaken by people with ID

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:ADULTS Aging ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE ASSOCIATION ASSOCIATIONS BRAIN CHILDREN cognition COMMUNITY DYSFUNCTION Ecological validity ENGLAND EXECUTIVE FUNCTION Executive functions genetics intellectual disabilities INTELLIGENCE MEMORY neurology NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS PEOPLE PERFORMANCE planning problem-solving REHABILITATION TASK Tower of London VALIDATION VARIABLES
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Evans, Professor Jonathan
Authors: Masson, J. D., Dagnan, D., and Evans, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
ISSN:0964-2633

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record