We propose that pyrrolid-2-one-5-carboxyl-tRNA is not involved in the initiation of protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells and that the N-terminal pyrrolid-2-one-5-carboxylic acid group of an IgG (immunoglobulin G) (that secreted by the mouse plasmacytoma Adj PC5) is formed by the enzymic cyclization of the N-terminal glutamine of the heavy chain of the completed IgG molecule and that the cyclization takes place inside the cell. We base these conclusions on the following evidence. (1) Pyrrolidonecarboxyl-tRNA was not found in incorporation experiments with rat liver preparations and [U-14C]-pyrrolidonecarboxylic acid, glutamic acid and glutamine, even though an incorporation extent of less than 2% of the total products could have been detected. (2) Double-labelling experiments showed that less than 8% of the nascent peptides of heavy chains (those obtained by precipitation by the antibody to Fc fragment) began with pyrrolidonecarboxylic acid. (3) Further double-labelling experiments showed that 60–66% of the heavy chains of the completed intracellular IgG molecule began with pyrrolidonecarboxylic acid after both 1 and 5h of labelling. (4) The IgG, after secretion by plasmacytoma Adj PC5, was found to have the sequence [unk]Glu- Val-Gln-Leu- at the N-termini of the heavy chains.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Stott, Prof David|
|Authors:||Stott, D.I., and Munro, A.J.|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences|
|Journal Name:||Biochemical Journal|
|Journal Abbr.:||Biochem j.|
|Publisher:||Portland Press Ltd.|