Maternal Obesity and its Relationship With Spontaneous and Oxytocin-Induced Contractility of Human Myometrium In Vitro

Higgins, C. A., Martin, W., Anderson, L., Blanks, A. M., Norman, J.E., McConnachie, A. and Nelson, S.M. (2010) Maternal Obesity and its Relationship With Spontaneous and Oxytocin-Induced Contractility of Human Myometrium In Vitro. Reproductive Sciences, 17(2), pp. 177-185. (doi:10.1177/1933719109349780)

Higgins, C. A., Martin, W., Anderson, L., Blanks, A. M., Norman, J.E., McConnachie, A. and Nelson, S.M. (2010) Maternal Obesity and its Relationship With Spontaneous and Oxytocin-Induced Contractility of Human Myometrium In Vitro. Reproductive Sciences, 17(2), pp. 177-185. (doi:10.1177/1933719109349780)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Maternal obesity is associated with increased rates of labor induction, dysfunctional labor requiring intrapartum cesarean delivery, and postpartum hemorrhage, implying that maternal obesity has an inhibitory effect on myometrial function. and its ability to respond to oxytocin. This study aimed to use an in vitro model to investigate the relationship between maternal body mass index (BMI) and the ability Of myometrium to contract spontaneously and in response to oxytocin, Linear mixed effects regression modeling was applied to contractile data from 609 strips from 85 women. No correlation was found between maternal BMI and any indices of spontaneous myometrial activity. A single addition of oxytocin increased contractility, however, this was not related to maternal BMI. Similarly, oxytocin concentration-response curves were unrelated to BMI. Overall, the results from this in vitro study suggest that the observed implications of obesity on parturition in vivo cannot be explained by a direct effect on myometrial contractile mechanisms per se

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:AGE BODY-MASS INDEX contractility LABOR Maternal obesity myometrium oxytocin PREGNANCY RISK UTERINE WOMEN
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nelson, Professor Scott and Higgins, Dr Claire and McConnachie, Dr Alex and Norman, Professor Jane and Martin, Professor William
Authors: Higgins, C. A., Martin, W., Anderson, L., Blanks, A. M., Norman, J.E., McConnachie, A., and Nelson, S.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
?? 20206000 ??
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Reproductive Sciences
ISSN:1933-7191

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record