The scar on the face of Scotland: deprivation and alcohol-related facial injuries in Scotland

Conway, D. I. , McMahon, A. D. , Graham, L., Snedker, S., McCluskey, K., Devlin, M. and Goodall, C. (2010) The scar on the face of Scotland: deprivation and alcohol-related facial injuries in Scotland. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care, 68(3), pp. 644-649. (doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e3181a5ed18)

Conway, D. I. , McMahon, A. D. , Graham, L., Snedker, S., McCluskey, K., Devlin, M. and Goodall, C. (2010) The scar on the face of Scotland: deprivation and alcohol-related facial injuries in Scotland. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care, 68(3), pp. 644-649. (doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e3181a5ed18)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e3181a5ed18

Abstract

Background: Recent media and political attention have focused on a "rising tide" of youth violence and alcohol-related problems in Scotland. Facial injuries in Scotland are most commonly sustained as a result of interpersonal violence, and young men are a high risk group for facial injuries. Facial injuries are known to be associated with alcohol consumption but the sociodemographic determinants are not fully known.<p></p> Methods: Influences on the incidence of alcohol-related facial injuries were investigated using data on 22,417 patients between 2001 and 2006 from the Scottish Morbidity Records. Results: Since 2001, the incidence of alcohol-related facial injuries in Scotland has declined, but the nature and scale of the problem remain considerable, with the major burden for such injuries disproportionately affecting young men from socioeconomically deprived areas.<p></p> Conclusions: The role of poverty as the major determinant of alcohol-related facial injuries has thus far not been explicitly acknowledged. Interventions to change behavior alone are unlikely to succeed unless they are supported by measures designed to improve socioeconomic circumstances and to reduce socioeconomic inequalities.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:ALCOHOL ASSAULT BEHAVIOR CARE Facial injuries HIGH-RISK Incidence INEQUALITIES INJURY INTERVENTION MEDIA MEN MORBIDITY PREVENTION RISK Scotland Socioeconomic Socioeconomic factors SURGERY TRAUMA VIOLENCE
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Conway, Professor David and McCluskey, Ms Karyn and Goodall, Dr Christine and Graham, Dr Lesley and McMahon, Dr Alex and Devlin, Mr Mark
Authors: Conway, D. I., McMahon, A. D., Graham, L., Snedker, S., McCluskey, K., Devlin, M., and Goodall, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0022-5282
ISSN (Online):1529-8809
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