Clinical Audit: Management of Acute Severe Asthma in West Glasgow

Bayes, H. K., Oyeniran, O., Shepherd, M. and Walters, M. (2010) Clinical Audit: Management of Acute Severe Asthma in West Glasgow. Scottish Medical Journal, 55(1), pp. 6-9. (doi: 10.1258/rsmsmj.55.1.6)

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Background The UK has 75,000 hospital admissions and over 1,500 deaths from asthma annually. The British Thoracic Society (BTS) guidelines represent the recognised standard for acute asthma management. We assessed the degree of conformity with these guidelines in an acute medical unit. Methodology Data from consecutive admissions were collected prospectively. Practice was audited in October December 2005 and October 2006 - January 2007. Between cycles an educational programme was instigated. Results Fifty-eight patients were included. Clinical parameters were well recorded in both cycles. Peak expiratory flow was consistently under-recorded (72% at admission; 67% in monitoring). Severity assessment was documented at 55% and 66% in cycle one and two respectively. Of these, the assessment was incorrect in 33% in cycle one and 21% in cycle two. All misclassifications of severity were underestimates. All life-threatening attacks were not identified. No improvement occurred between cycles. Overall, 60% of patients were inappropriately treated according to BTS guidelines, 40% due to under-treatment. Under-treatment occurred more frequently in cycle two compared with cycle one (57% vs. 24%, p=0.007), predominantly due to inadequate treatment of life-threatening asthma. Conclusion Management of acute asthma in a large, urban teaching hospital is suboptimal. Educational intervention failed to improve care; more comprehensive strategies are required

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:acute asthma, asthma, audit, British Thoracic Society (BTS), care, confidential inquiry, death, deaths, emergency, guidelines, health, intervention, management, patients, Scotland, treatment
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Walters, Professor Matthew and Bayes, Dr Hannah and Shepherd, Professor Malcolm
Authors: Bayes, H. K., Oyeniran, O., Shepherd, M., and Walters, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Scottish Medical Journal

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