Regulation of RNA polymerase III transcription during hypertrophic growth

Goodfellow, S.J., Innes, F., Derblay, L.E., MacLellan, W.R., Scott, P. and White, R.J. (2006) Regulation of RNA polymerase III transcription during hypertrophic growth. EMBO Journal, 25(7), pp. 1522-1533. (doi:10.1038/sj.emboj.7601040)

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Abstract

The cell division-independent growth of terminally differentiated cardiomyocytes is commonly associated with cardiovascular disease. We demonstrate that it is accompanied by a substantial rise in transcription by RNA polymerase (pol) III, which produces essential components of the biosynthetic apparatus, including 5S rRNA and tRNAs. This increase in transcription is achieved by changes in both the activity and level of the essential pol III-specific transcription factor TFIIIB. Erk and c-Myc, which directly activate TFIIIB in proliferating fibroblasts, also induce pol III transcription in growing cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, hypertrophic stimulation increases expression of the essential TFIIIB subunit Brf1, an effect not seen when fibroblasts proliferate. Erk mediates this induction of Brf1 expression and therefore contributes in at least two ways to pol III transcriptional activation during hypertrophy. Increased production of tRNA and 5S rRNA will contribute to the enhanced translational capacity required to sustain hypertrophic growth.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:White, Prof Robert and Scott, Dr Pamela
Authors: Goodfellow, S.J., Innes, F., Derblay, L.E., MacLellan, W.R., Scott, P., and White, R.J.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:EMBO Journal

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