Identification of loci associated with putative recurrence genes in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder

Edwards, J. , Duncan, P., Going, J.J., Watters, A.D., Grigor, K.M. and Bartlett, J.M.S. (2002) Identification of loci associated with putative recurrence genes in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Journal of Pathology, 196(4), pp. 380-385. (doi: 10.1002/path.1052)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/path.1052

Abstract

Following an earlier study linking monosomy 9 with recurrence of transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs) of the urinary bladder, 109 primary and recurrent TCCs (from 47 patients) were examined to explore genetic alterations at chromosome 9 associated with recurrence. Patient DNA was microdissected and extracted from archival tissue sections and analysed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at three regions on chromosome 9 where tumour suppressor genes (TSGs) are known to reside (INK 4A, DBC1, and TSC1). Patients were categorized into two groups, nonrecurrent TCC (NR, n = 18) and recurrent TCC (REC, n = 29). It was noted that 12% of NR tumours, compared with 54%,, of REC primary tumours (p=0.01), had LOH at all informative markers spanning the TSC1 region. The risk of recurrence was significantly higher in patients with deleted TSC1 than in those who retained the TSC1 region (p = 0.035). Levels of LOH at DBC1 or INK 4A were not significantly different in NR tumours than in REC primary tumours and recurrence-free survival was not affected by loss of either of these genes. Loss of all informative markers spanning chromosome 9 was observed in 0% of NR tumours compared with 25% of REC primary tumours (p = 0.04). The probability of recurrence was also significantly increased in patients who had LOH at all informative markers spanning chromosome 9 (p = 0.016), confirming earlier fluorescence in situ hybridization results. This study provides further evidence that recurrence in bladder cancer is a distinct event, with underlying molecular causes. It also identifies the TSC1 locus as a candidate for a TSG, which drives recurrence in a proportion of TCC patients. Loss of all informative markers, including those residing in the TSC1 region, spanning chromosome 9 was also linked to recurrence.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Edwards, Professor Joanne and Going, Dr James
Authors: Edwards, J., Duncan, P., Going, J.J., Watters, A.D., Grigor, K.M., and Bartlett, J.M.S.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RB Pathology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Pathology
ISSN:0022-3417

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