Air pollution and health in Scotland: a multicity study

Lee, D., Ferguson, C. and Mitchell, R. (2009) Air pollution and health in Scotland: a multicity study. Biostatistics, 10(3), pp. 409-423. (doi:10.1093/biostatistics/kxp010) (PMID:19377033)

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Abstract

This paper presents an epidemiological study investigating the effects of long-term air pollution exposure on public health in Scotland, focusing on the 4 major urban areas, Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, and Glasgow. In particular, the associations between respiratory hospital admissions in 2005 and exposure to both PM10 and NO2 between 2002 and 2004 are estimated using a small-area ecological design. The implementation of such studies requires careful consideration of a number of statistical issues, including how to model spatial correlation, identifiability of the model parameters, and the possible effects of ecological bias. The results show that long-term exposures (over 3 years) to PM10 and NO2 are significantly associated with respiratory hospital admissions in Edinburgh and Glasgow, whereas the risks for Aberdeen and Dundee are generally positive but nonsignificant

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mitchell, Professor Richard and Lee, Professor Duncan and Miller, Dr Claire
Authors: Lee, D., Ferguson, C., and Mitchell, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Biostatistics
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1465-4644
ISSN (Online):1468-4357
Published Online:17 April 2009

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