Effects of a surface topography composite with puerariae radix on human STRO-1-positive stem cells

Kantawong, F., Burgess, K.E.V., Jayawardena, K., Hart, A., Riehle, M.O. , Oreffo, R.O., Dalby, M.J. and Burchmore, R. (2010) Effects of a surface topography composite with puerariae radix on human STRO-1-positive stem cells. Acta Biomaterialia, 6(9), pp. 3694-3703. (doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2010.02.038)

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Abstract

Human skeletal stem cells (STRO-1 positive/STRO-1+) respond to different topographical features in various ways. On a flat surface these cells spread and tend to develop a fibroblast-like morphology. On a microgrooved surface enriched skeletal stem cell populations prefer to stretch along the grooves, which affects their cellular structure and differentiation, a phenomenon known as contact guidance. Growth factors, hormones and chemicals can also stimulate cell differentiation. A traditional Chinese medicine, puerariae radix, has previously been observed to stimulate bone formation. The active ingredients have been identified as isoflavones with estrogen-like bioactivity. This study combined the effects of microgrooved topology and hormone-like isoflavones in the biodegradable polymer polycaprolactone (PCL). Human osteogenic cells (STRO-1+) were cultured on flat PCL, grooved PCL and puerariae powder-impregnated grooved PCL for 5 weeks. Coomassie staining indicated that cell growth and survival was similar on flat PCL, grooved PCL and grooved PCL impregnated with 1 wt.% or 2 wt.% puerariae powder. Grooved PCL impregnated with 2 wt.% puerariae powder was observed to have an influence on protein expression, as observed by positive osteocalcin staining. Protein expression profiles were analyzed by difference gel electrophoresis to identify proteins that showed modulation of expression in response to these different environments. Overall, our results suggest that puerariae powder has an additive effect, along with microgrooved topographical stimulation, to promote changes in the STRO-1+ proteome that affect cell phenotype.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Surface topography, human bone marrow stromal cells, puerariae radix, tissue engineering, differential proteomics
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Burchmore, Dr Richard and Hart, Mr Andrew and Burgess, Dr Karl and Dalby, Professor Matthew and Jayawardena, Dr Kamburapola and Riehle, Dr Mathis
Authors: Kantawong, F., Burgess, K.E.V., Jayawardena, K., Hart, A., Riehle, M.O., Oreffo, R.O., Dalby, M.J., and Burchmore, R.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Acta Biomaterialia
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1742-7061
ISSN (Online):1878-7568
Published Online:17 March 2010
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2010 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Acta Biomaterialia 6(9):3694-3703
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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