Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study

Young, R. , Sweeting, H. and West, P. (2006) Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. British Medical Journal, 332, pp. 1058-1061. (doi:10.1136/bmj.38790.495544.7C)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38790.495544.7C

Abstract

<b>Objective</b> To investigate whether deliberate self harm is associated with contemporary Goth youth subculture. <b>Design</b> Longitudinal cohort study. <b>Setting</b> School and community based study of young people living in the Central Clydeside Conurbation, Scotland. <b>Participants</b> 1258 people aged 19, surveyed in 2002-4 and followed-up since age 11 (1994). <b>Main outcome measures</b> Lifetime prevalence of self harm and attempted suicide and their association with Goth youth subculture, before and after adjusting for confounders. <b>Results</b> Identification as belonging to the Goth subculture was strongly associated with lifetime self harm and attempted suicide, with a prevalence of 53% and 47%, respectively among the most highly identified group, and evidence for a dose-response relation. Adjusting for potential confounders did not significantly attenuate this association. Analysis of other youth subcultures showed that this effect was primarily associated with Goth subculture. <b>Conclusions</b> Identification as belonging to the Goth subculture was the best predictor of self harm and attempted suicide. Although based on small numbers, additional longitudinal analysis suggests both selection and modelling mechanisms are involved, selection mechanisms possibly being more likely.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Young, Mr Robert and Sweeting, Dr Helen
Authors: Young, R., Sweeting, H., and West, P.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:British Medical Journal
Journal Abbr.:BMJ
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0959-535X
ISSN (Online):1756-1833
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2006 BMJ Publishing Group
First Published:First published in British Medical Journal 332:1058-1061
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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