E5 protein of human papillomavirus type 16 selectively downregulates surface HLA class I

Ashrafi, G.H., Haghshenas, M.R., Marchetti, B., O'Brien, P.M. and Campo, M.S. (2005) E5 protein of human papillomavirus type 16 selectively downregulates surface HLA class I. International Journal of Cancer, 113(2), pp. 276-283. (doi:10.1002/ijc.20558)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.20558

Abstract

Papillomaviruses have evolved mechanisms that result in escape from host immune surveillance. The E5 protein is expressed early in papillomavirus infection in the deep layers of the infected epithelium. It is localized to the Golgi apparatus (GA) and endoplasmic reticulum. The E5 protein of bovine papillomavirus (BPV) impairs the synthesis and stability of major histocompatibility (MHC) class I complexes and prevents their transport to the cell surface due to retention in the GA. Here we show that human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E5 also causes the retention of MHC (HLA) class I complexes in the GA and impedes their transport to the cell surface, which is rescued by treatment with interferon. Unlike BPV E5, HPV-16 E5 does not affect the synthesis of HLA class I heavy chains or the expression of the transporter associated with antigen processing TAP. These results show that downregulation of surface MHC class I molecules is common to both BPV and HPV E5 proteins. Moreover, we determined that HPV-16 E5 downregulates surface expression of HLA-A and HLA-B, which present viral peptides to MHC class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), but not the natural killer (NK) cell inhibitory ligands HLA-C and HLA-E. Selective downregulation of cell surface HLA class I molecules may allow the virus to establish infection by avoiding immune clearance of virus-infected cells by both CTLs and NK cells.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:human papillomaviruses, E5 oncoprotein, HLA class I, HLA-A/B, HLA-C/E
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ashrafi, Dr Gholam Hossein and Campo, Professor Saveria and Marchetti, Dr Barbara
Authors: Ashrafi, G.H., Haghshenas, M.R., Marchetti, B., O'Brien, P.M., and Campo, M.S.
Subjects:S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600 Veterinary Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:International Journal of Cancer
Publisher:John Wiley and Sons
ISSN:0020-7136
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2005 John Wiley and Sons
First Published:First published in International Journal of Cancer 113(2):276-283
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the publisher

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