Is the Scottish population living dangerously? Prevalence of multiple risk factors: the Scottish Health Survey 2003

Lawder, R., Harding, O., Stockton, D., Fischbacher, C., Brewster, D.H., Chalmers, J., Finlayson, A. and Conway, D.I. (2010) Is the Scottish population living dangerously? Prevalence of multiple risk factors: the Scottish Health Survey 2003. BMC Public Health, 10(330), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-330)

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Abstract

<b>Background:</b> Risk factors are often considered individually, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of combinations of multiple behavioural risk factors and their association with socioeconomic determinants.<p></p> <b>Methods:</b> Multinomial logistic regression was used to model the associations between socioeconomic factors and multiple risk factors from data in the Scottish Health Survey 2003. Prevalence of five main behavioural risk factors - smoking alcohol, diet, overweight/obesity, and physical inactivity, and the odds in relation to demographic, individual and area socioeconomic factors.<p></p> <b>Results:</b> Full data were available on 6,574 subjects (80.7% of the survey sample). Nearly the whole adult population (97.5%) reported to have at least one behavioural risk factor; while 55% have three or more risk factors; and nearly 20% have four or all five risk factors. The most important determinants for having four or five multiple risk factors were low educational attainment which conferred around a 3-fold increased odds compared to high education; and residence in the most deprived communities (relative to least deprived) which had greater than 3-fold increased odds.<p></p> <b>Conclusions:</b> The prevalence of multiple behavioural risk factors was high and the prevalence of absence of all risk factors very low. These behavioural patterns were socioeconomically determined. Policy to address factors needs to be joined up and better consider underlying socioeconomic circumstances.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Conway, Professor David
Authors: Lawder, R., Harding, O., Stockton, D., Fischbacher, C., Brewster, D.H., Chalmers, J., Finlayson, A., and Conway, D.I.
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2458
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2010 BioMed Central
First Published:First published in BMC Public Health 10(330)
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
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