Pennock, J.L., Behnke, J.M., Bickle, Q.D., Devaney, E., Grencis, R.K., Isaac, R.E., Joshua, G.W., Selkirk, M.E., Zhang, Y., and Meyer, D.J. (1998) Rapid purification and characterization of L-dopachrome-methyl ester tautomerase (macrophage-migration-inhibitory factor) from Trichinella spiralis, Trichuris muris and Brugia pahangi. Biochemical Journal, 335 (3). pp. 495-498.
Macrophage-migration-inhibition factor (MIF) is an essential stimulator of mammalian T-lymphocyte-dependent adaptive immunity, hence MIF orthologues might be expressed by infectious organisms as an immunosubversive stratagem. Since MIF actively catalyses the tautomerization of the methyl ester of l-dopachrome (using dopachrome tautomerase), the occurrence of MIF orthologues in several parasitic helminths was investigated by assaying and characterizing such activity. Evidence of MIF orthologues (dopachrome tautomerase) was found in the soluble fraction of the nematodes Trichinella spiralis (stage 4 larvae) and Trichuris muris (adults), and the filarial nematode Brugia pahangi (adults). The MIF orthologues of Tr. muris (TmMIF) and B. pahangi (BpMIF) were purified to homogeneity using phenyl-agarose chromatography, that of T. spiralis (TsMIF) required a further step: cation-exchange FPLC. Retention time on reverse-phase HPLC and Mr on SDS/PAGE of the nematode MIFs were similar to those of human MIF. N-terminal sequences (19 residues) of TsMIF and TmMIF showed 47 and 36% identity, respectively, with human MIF. The N-terminal sequence of BpMIF (14 residues) was identical to that of an MIF orthologue in the genome of B. malayi (Swiss-Prot, P91850) and showed 43% identity to either human or TsMIF. TsMIF had 10-fold higher dopachrome tautomerase activity than MIF from the other sources. The enzyme activities of TsMIF, BpMIF and TmMIF were less sensitive to inhibition by haematin (I50: >15 microM, >15 microM and 2.6 microM, respectively) than that of human MIF (I50 0.2 microM). Significant dopachrome tautomerase or phenyl-agarose-purifiable MIF-like protein was not detected in the soluble fraction of the nematodes Heligmosomoides polygyrus and Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, the cestode Hymenolepis diminuta, or the trematodes Schistosoma mansoni, S. japonicum and S. haematobium, or the free-living nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, which does contain an MIF-related gene.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Devaney, Professor Eileen|
|Authors:||Pennock, J.L., Behnke, J.M., Bickle, Q.D., Devaney, E., Grencis, R.K., Isaac, R.E., Joshua, G.W., Selkirk, M.E., Zhang, Y., and Meyer, D.J.|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation > Bacteriology|
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
|Journal Name:||Biochemical Journal|
|Publisher:||Portland Press Ltd.|