Persistent isolated hypocortisolism following brief treatment with trilostane

Ramsey, I.K., Richardson, J., Lenard, Z., Tebb, A.J. and Irwin, P.J. (2008) Persistent isolated hypocortisolism following brief treatment with trilostane. Australian Veterinary Journal, 86(12), pp. 491-495. (doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2008.00373.x)

[img] Text
30472.pdf

320kB

Abstract

A 12-year-old male neutered Miniature Poodle with confirmed pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism was treated with trilostane. After three doses, it developed clinical and laboratory changes suggestive of isolated hypocortisolism ('atypical hypoadrenocorticism'), which persisted and progressed for more than 3 months despite immediate withdrawal of the trilostane. The clinical signs of hyperadrenocorticism resolved without further trilostane. After 3 months, prednisolone treatment was started and the clinical signs of hypocortisolism resolved. Prednisolone therapy was required for more than 1 year. Ultrasonography initially demonstrated large hypoechoic adrenal cortices, typical of dogs with hyperadrenocorticism, which then became small and heteroechoic, consistent with the development of adrenal necrosis. Persistent isolated hypocortisolism has not been reported previously as a complication of trilostane therapy. The case is also remarkable for the very short duration of trilostane therapy that elicited this complication. Clinicians should be aware that trilostane therapy may result in adrenal necrosis, even in the very earliest stages of therapy, but prompt action can prevent a life-threatening situation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Keywords:Adrenal glands, atypical hypoadrenocorticism, Cushing's disease, necrosis, ultrasound
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ramsey, Professor Ian
Authors: Ramsey, I.K., Richardson, J., Lenard, Z., Tebb, A.J., and Irwin, P.J.
Subjects:S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600 Veterinary Medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Australian Veterinary Journal
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0005-0423
ISSN (Online):1751-0813
Published Online:26 November 2008
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Blackwell
First Published:First published in Australian Veterinary Journal 86(12):491-495
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record