Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in nuclear magnetic resonance of solids: second-order quadrupolar and resonance offset effects

Ashbrook, S.E. and Wimperis, S. (2009) Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in nuclear magnetic resonance of solids: second-order quadrupolar and resonance offset effects. Journal of Chemical Physics, 131(19), p. 194509. (doi:10.1063/1.3263904)

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Abstract

Spin-locking of spin I = 3/2 and I = 5/2 nuclei in the presence of small resonance offset and second-order quadrupolar interactions has been investigated using both exact and approximate theoretical and experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) approaches. In the presence of second-order quadrupolar interactions, we show that the initial rapid dephasing that arises from the noncommutation of the state prepared by the first pulse and the spin-locking Hamiltonian gives rise to tensor components of the spin density matrix that are antisymmetric with respect to inversion, in addition to those symmetric with respect to inversion that are found when only a first-order quadrupolar interaction is considered. We also find that spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence in a static solid is much more sensitive to resonance offset than that of single-quantum coherence and show that good spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence can still be achieved if the resonance offset matches the second-order shift of the multiple-quantum coherence in the appropriate reference frame. Under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions, and in the "adiabatic" limit, we demonstrate that rotor-driven interconversion of central-transition single- and three-quantum coherences for a spin I = 3/2 nucleus can be best achieved by performing the spin-locking on resonance with the three-quantum coherence in the three-quantum frame. Finally, in the "sudden" MAS limit, we show that spin I = 3/2 spin-locking behavior is generally similar to that found in static solids, except when the central-transition nutation rate matches a multiple of the MAS rate and a variety of rotary resonance phenomena are observed depending on the internal spin interactions present. This investigation should aid in the application of spin-locking techniques to multiple-quantum NMR of quadrupolar nuclei and of cross-polarization and homonuclear dipolar recoupling experiments to quadrupolar nuclei such as <sup>7</sup>Li, <sup>11</sup>B, <sup>17</sup>O, <sup>23</sup>Na, and <sup>27</sup>Al.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:behavior, density, excitation, lineshapes, MAS NMR, multiple-quantum, NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance, quadrupole interactions, quantum cross-polarization, samples, single, solids, spin systems, state, systems, transition
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wimperis, Professor Stephen
Authors: Ashbrook, S.E., and Wimperis, S.
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Chemical Physics
ISSN:0021-9606
ISSN (Online):1089-7690
Published Online:19 November 2009

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