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Differences between stereopsis with isoluminant and isochromatic stimuli

Simmons, D.R., and Kingdom, F.A. (1995) Differences between stereopsis with isoluminant and isochromatic stimuli. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 12 (10). pp. 2094-2104. ISSN 1084-7529

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Abstract

Contrast thresholds for stereoscopic depth identification (crossed or uncrossed) were measured as a function of disparity by use of isoluminant (red-green) and isochromatic (yellow-black) 0.5 cycles/deg Gabor patches. For the purposes of comparison, stimulus contrasts were scaled by their respective detection thresholds. The Gabor patches could be either vertically or horizontally oriented. It was found that the disparity dependence of the depth-identification contrast thresholds was similar for both chromatic and luminance patterns if the stimuli were vertically oriented, with the overall level of performance worse for the chromatic patterns by a factor of approximately 2 (6 dB). With horizontal patterns this difference was much larger, by a factor of approximately 7 (17 dB). These results suggest first that stereopsis in the absence of luminance cues is supported by a less-contrast-sensitive linear mechanism than that which supports stereopsis in the presence of luminance cues and second that the corresponding nonlinear chromatic stereo mechanism is either nonexistent or very weak. The implications of these data for previous studies of stereopsis at isoluminance is discussed.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Simmons, Dr David
Authors: Simmons, D.R., and Kingdom, F.A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Journal of the Optical Society of America
Journal Abbr.:J Opt Soc Am A
ISSN:1084-7529
ISSN (Online):1520-8532

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