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We have measured the contrast dependence of stereoacuity using both horizontally and vertically oriented, isoluminant (red-green) and isochromatic (yellow-black), 0.5 c/deg Gabor patches. For comparison, contrasts were computed in multiples of detection threshold, where detection threshold was defined as the contrast required for the stimulus to be simultaneously detectable in each eye. Disparity thresholds (1/stereoacuity) for vertical chromatic Gabors were higher than those for vertical luminance Gabors by a factor of between 4 and 9 depending on contrast, and declined less steeply with contrast. Disparity thresholds for horizontal chromatic Gabors were very high (130-210 min arc) compared with horizontal luminance Gabors (by a factor of between 9 and 17) and were only measurable at contrasts above 10 times simultaneous monocular detection threshold. These results support the view that chromatic stereoscopic processing is less precise than luminance stereoscopic processing, and that there is a special deficit in the processing of disparity with horizontally oriented chromatic stimuli. The implications of these results for the role of colour vision in stereopsis are discussed.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Simmons, Dr David|
|Authors:||Kingdom, F.A., and Simmons, D.R.|
|College/School:||College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology|
|Journal Name:||Vision Research|