Demonstration and comparison of tuned and detuned signal recycling in a large-scale gravitational wave detector

Hild, S., Grote, H., Hewtison, M., Luck, H., Smith, J.R., Strain, K.A., Willke, B. and Danzmann, K. (2007) Demonstration and comparison of tuned and detuned signal recycling in a large-scale gravitational wave detector. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 24(6), pp. 1513-1523. (doi: 10.1088/0264-9381/24/6/009)

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Abstract

The British/German gravitational wave detector GEO 600 located near Hannover in Germany is the first large-scale gravitational-wave detector using the advanced technique of signal recycling. Currently the instrument operates in detuned signal recycling mode. Several problems arise due to the fact that the signal recycling cavity changes amplitude and phase of all light fields (carrier and sidebands) present at the dark-port. In addition, in the case of detuned signal recycling this leads to unbalanced sideband fields at the detector output. The large amplitude modulation caused by this asymmetry does not carry any gravitational wave information, but might be the cause of saturation and nonlinearities on the main photodiode. We developed and demonstrated a new control method to realize tuned signal recycling operation in a large-scale gravitational wave detector. A detailed comparison of tuned and detuned signal recycling operation is given. The response function of the system (optical gain) was measured and compared, as was the size of amplitude modulation on the main photodiode. Some important noise couplings were measured and partly found to be strongly reduced in the case of tuned signal recycling operation.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Strain, Professor Kenneth
Authors: Hild, S., Grote, H., Hewtison, M., Luck, H., Smith, J.R., Strain, K.A., Willke, B., and Danzmann, K.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Classical and Quantum Gravity
Publisher:Institute of Physics
ISSN:0264-9381
ISSN (Online):1361-6382

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