Analysis of first LIGO science data for stochastic gravitational waves

Abbott, B. et al. (2004) Analysis of first LIGO science data for stochastic gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 69(12), Art. 122004. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.69.122004)

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Abstract

We present the analysis of between 50 and 100 h of coincident interferometric strain data used to search for and establish an upper limit on a stochastic background of gravitational radiation. These data come from the first LIGO science run, during which all three LIGO interferometers were operated over a 2-week period spanning August and September of 2002. The method of cross correlating the outputs of two interferometers is used for analysis. We describe in detail practical signal processing issues that arise when working with real data, and we establish an observational upper limit on a f<sup>-3</sup> power spectrum of gravitational waves. Our 90% confidence limit is Ω<sub>0</sub>h100<sup>2</sup><~23±4.6 in the frequency band 40–314 Hz, where h<sub>100</sub> is the Hubble constant in units of 100 km/sec/Mpc and Ω<sub>0</sub> is the gravitational wave energy density per logarithmic frequency interval in units of the closure density. This limit is approximately 10<sup>4</sup> times better than the previous, broadband direct limit using interferometric detectors, and nearly 3 times better than the best narrow-band bar detector limit. As LIGO and other worldwide detectors improve in sensitivity and attain their design goals, the analysis procedures described here should lead to stochastic background sensitivity levels of astrophysical interest.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Heptonstall, Dr Alastair and Grant, Mr Alastair and Cagnoli, Dr Gianpietro and Cantley, Dr Caroline and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Casey, Dr Morag and Robertson, Professor Norna and Barr, Dr Bryan and Robertson, Dr David and Plissi, Dr Michael and Woan, Professor Graham and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and Crooks, Dr David and Hough, Professor James and Ward, Professor Henry and Sneddon, Dr Peter and Newton, Dr Gavin and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Killow, Dr Christian and Pitkin, Dr Matthew
Authors: Abbott, B., Abbott, R., Adhikari, R., Ageev, A., Allen, B., Amin, R., Anderson, S., Anderson, W., Araya, M., Armandula, H., Asiri, F., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., Babak, S., Balasubramanian, R., Ballmer, S., Barish, B., Barker, D., Barker-Patton, C., Barnes, M., Barr, B., Barton, M., Bayer, K., Beausoleil, R., Belczynski, K., Bennett, R., Berukoff, S., Betzwieser, J., Bhawal, B., Bilenko, I., Billingsley, G., Black, E., Blackburn, K., Bland-Weaver, B., Bochner, B., Bogue, L., Bork, R., Bose, S., Brady, P., Braginsky, V., Brau, J., Brown, D., Brozek, S., Bullington, A., Buonanno, A., Burgess, R., Busby, D., Butler, W., Byer, R., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Camp, J., Cantley, C.A., Cardenas, L., Carter, K., Casey, M., Castiglione, J., Chandler, A., Chapsky, J., Charlton, P., Chatterji, S., Chen, Y., Chickarmane, V., Chin, D., Christensen, N., Churches, D., Colacino, C., Coldwell, R., Coles, M., Cook, D., Corbitt, T., Coyne, D., Creighton, J., Creighton, T., Crooks, D.R.M., Csatorday, P., Cusack, B., Cutler, C., DAmbrosio, E., Danzmann, K., Davies, R., Daw, E., DeBra, D., Delker, T., DeSalvo, R., Dhurandhar, S., Diaz, M., Ding, H., Drever, R., Dupuis, R., Ebeling, C., Edlund, J., Ehrens, P., Elliffe, E., Etzel, T., Evans, M., Evans, T., Fallnich, C., Farnham, D., Fejer, M., Fine, M., Finn, L., Flanagan, E., Freise, A., Frey, R., Fritschel, P., Frolov, V., Fyffe, M., Ganezer, K., Giaime, J., Gillespie, A., Goda, K., Gonzalez, G., Gossler, S., Grandclement, P., Grant, A., Gray, C., Gretarsson, A., Grimmett, D., Grote, H., Grunewald, S., Guenther, M., Gustafson, E., Gustafson, R., Hamilton, W., Hammond, M., Hanson, J., Hardham, C., Harry, G., Hartunian, A., Heefner, J., Hefetz, Y., Heinzel, G., Heng, I., Hennessy, M., Hepler, N., Heptonstall, A., Heurs, M., Hewitson, M., Hindman, N., Hoang, P., Hough, J., Hrynevych, M., Hua, W., Ingley, R., Ito, M., Itoh, Y., Ivanov, A., Jennrich, O., Johnson, W., Johnston, W., Jones, L., Jungwirth, D., Kalogera, V., Katsavounidis, E., Kawabe, K., Kawamura, S., Kells, W., Kern, J., Khan, A., Killbourn, S., Killow, C.J., Kim, C., King, C., King, P., Klimenko, S., Kloevekorn, P., Koranda, S., Kotter, K., Kovalik, J., Kozak, D., Krishnan, B., Landry, M., Langdale, J., Lantz, B., Lawrence, R., Lazzarini, A., Lei, M., Leonhardt, V., Leonor, I., Libbrecht, K., Lindquist, P., Liu, S., Logan, J., Lormand, M., Lubinski, M., Luck, H., Lyons, T., Machenschalk, B., MacInnis, M., Mageswaran, M., Mailand, K., Majid, W., Malec, M., Mann, F., Marin, A., Marka, S., Maros, E., Mason, J., Mason, K., Matherny, O., Matone, L., Mavalvala, N., McCarthy, R., McClelland, D., McHugh, M., McNamara, P., Mendell, G., Meshkov, S., Messenger, C., Mitrofanov, V., Mitselmakher, G., Mittleman, R., Miyakawa, O., Miyoki, S., Mohanty, S., Moreno, G., Mossavi, K., Mours, B., Mueller, G., Mukherjee, S., Myers, J., Nagano, S., Nash, T., Naundorf, H., Nayak, R., Newton, G., Nocera, F., Nutzman, P., Olson, T., OReilly, B., Ottaway, D., Ottewill, A., Ouimette, D., Overmier, H., Owen, B., Papa, M., Parameswariah, C., Parameswariah, V., Pedraza, M., Penn, S., Pitkin, M., Plissi, M., Pratt, M., Quetschke, V., Raab, F., Radkins, H., Rahkola, R., Rakhmanov, M., Rao, S., Redding, D., Regehr, M., Regimbau, T., Reilly, K., Reithmaier, K., Reitze, D., Richman, S., Riesen, R., Riles, K., Rizzi, A., Robertson, D.I., Robertson, N.A., Robison, L., Roddy, S., Rollins, J., Romano, J., Romie, J., Rong, H., Rose, D., Rotthoff, E., Rowan, S., Rudiger, A., Russell, P., Ryan, K., Salzman, I., Sanders, G., Sannibale, V., Sathyaprakash, B., Saulson, P., Savage, R., Sazonov, A., Schilling, R., Schlaufman, K., Schmidt, V., Schofield, R., Schrempel, M., Schutz, B., Schwinberg, P., Scott, S., Searle, A., Sears, B., Seel, S., Sengupta, A., Shapiro, C., Shawhan, P., Shoemaker, D., Shu, Q., Sibley, A., Siemens, X., Sievers, L., Sigg, D., Sintes, A., Skeldon, K., Smith, J., Smith, M., Smith, M., Sneddon, P., Spero, R., Stapfer, G., Strain, K.A., Strom, D., Stuver, A., Summerscales, T., Sumner, M., Sutton, P., Sylvestre, J., Takamori, A., Tanner, D., Tariq, H., Taylor, I., Taylor, R., Thorne, K., Tibbits, M., Tilav, S., Tinto, M., Tokmakov, K., Torres, C., Torrie, C., Traeger, S., Traylor, G., Tyler, W., Ugolini, D., Vallisneri, M., van Putten, M., Vass, S., Vecchio, A., Vorvick, C., Vyachanin, S., Wallace, L., Walther, H., Ward, H., Ware, B., Watts, K., Webber, D., Weidner, A., Weiland, U., Weinstein, A., Weiss, R., Welling, H., Wen, L., Wen, S., Whelan, J., Whitcomb, S., Whiting, B., Willems, P., Williams, P., Williams, R., Willke, B., Wilson, A., Winjum, B., Winkler, W., Wise, S., Wiseman, A., Woan, G., Wooley, R., Worden, J., Yakushin, I., Yamamoto, H., Yoshida, S., Zawischa, I., Zhang, L., Zotov, N., Zucker, M., and Zweizig, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1550-7998
ISSN (Online):1089-4918
Published Online:30 June 2004

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