Understanding building energy efficiency with administrative and emerging urban big data by deep learning in Glasgow

Sun, M., Han, C., Nie, Q., Xu, J., Zhang, F. and Zhao, Q. (2022) Understanding building energy efficiency with administrative and emerging urban big data by deep learning in Glasgow. Energy and Buildings, 273, 112331. (doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2022.112331)

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With buildings consuming nearly 40% of energy in developed countries, it is important to accurately estimate and understand the building energy efficiency in a city. A better understanding of building energy efficiency is beneficial for reducing overall household energy use and providing guidance for future housing improvement and retrofit. In this research, we propose a deep learning-based multi-source data fusion framework to estimate building energy efficiency. We consider the traditional factors associated with the building energy efficiency from the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) for 160,000 properties (30,000 buildings) in Glasgow, UK (e.g., property structural attributes and morphological attributes), as well as the Google Street View (GSV) building façade images as a complement. We compare the performance improvements between our data-fusion framework with traditional morphological attributes and image-only models. The results show that including the building façade images from GSV, the overall model accuracy increases from 79.7% to 86.8%. A further investigation and explanation of the deep learning model are conducted to understand the relationships between building features and building energy efficiency by using SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP). Our research demonstrates the potential of using multi-source data in building energy efficiency prediction with high accuracy and short inference time. Our paper also helps understand building energy efficiency at the city level to help achieve the net-zero target by 2050.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was made possible by the ESRC’s on-going support for the Urban Big Data Centre (UBDC) [ES/L011921/1 and ES/S007105/1].
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zhao, Dr Qunshan and Xu, Ms Jingying
Authors: Sun, M., Han, C., Nie, Q., Xu, J., Zhang, F., and Zhao, Q.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Energy and Buildings
ISSN (Online):1872-6178
Published Online:26 July 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Energy and Buildings 273: 112331
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
190698Urban Big Data Research CentreNick BaileyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/L011921/1S&PS - Urban Big Data
304042UBDC Centre TransitionNick BaileyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/S007105/1S&PS - Administration