GENESISS 1 - Generating Standards for In-Situ Simulation project: a scoping review and conceptual model

Baxendale, B., Evans, K., Cowley, A., Bramley, L., Miles, G., Ross, A. , Dring, E. and Cooper, J. (2022) GENESISS 1 - Generating Standards for In-Situ Simulation project: a scoping review and conceptual model. BMC Medical Education, 22(1), 479. (doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03490-9) (PMID:35725432) (PMCID:PMC9208746)

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Background: In-Situ Simulation (ISS) enables teams to rehearse and review practice in the clinical environment to facilitate knowledge transition, reflection and safe learning. There is increasing use of ISS in healthcare organisations for which patient safety and quality improvement are key drivers. However, the effectiveness of ISS interventions has not yet been fully demonstrated and requires further study to maximise impact. Cohesive programmatic implementation is lacking and efforts to standardise ISS terms and concepts, strengthen the evidence base and develop an integrated model of learning is required. The aim of this study was to explore the current evidence, theories and concepts associated with ISS across all areas of healthcare and develop a conceptual model to inform future ISS research and best practice guidance. Methods: A scoping review was undertaken with stakeholder feedback to develop a conceptual model for ISS. Medline, OpenGrey and Web of Science were searched in September 2018 and updated in December 2020. Data from the included scoping review studies were analysed descriptively and organised into categories based on the different motivations, concepts and theoretical approaches for ISS. Categories and concepts were further refined through accessing stakeholder feedback. Results: Thirty-eight papers were included in the scoping review. Papers reported the development and evaluation of ISS interventions. Stakeholder groups highlighted situations where ISS could be suitable to improve care and outcomes and identified contextual and practical factors for implementation. A conceptual model of ISS was developed which was organised into four themes: 1. To understand and explore why systematic events occur in complex settings; 2.To design and test new clinical spaces, equipment, information technologies and procedures; 3. To practice and develop capability in individual and team performance; 4. To assess competency in complex clinical settings. Conclusions: ISS presents a promising approach to improve individual and team capabilities and system performance and address the ‘practice-theory gap’. However, there are limitations associated with ISS such as the impact on the clinical setting and service provision, the reliance of having an open learning culture and availability of relevant expertise. ISS should be introduced with due consideration of the specific objectives and learning needs it is proposed to address. Effectiveness of ISS has not yet been established and further research is required to evaluate and disseminate the findings of ISS interventions.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The project was commissioned by Health Education England, Midlands and East.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ross, Dr Alastair
Authors: Baxendale, B., Evans, K., Cowley, A., Bramley, L., Miles, G., Ross, A., Dring, E., and Cooper, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:BMC Medical Education
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN (Online):1472-6920
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Medical Education 22(1):479
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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