Controls on luminescence signals in lake sediment cores: a study from Lake Suigetsu, Japan

Rex, C. L., Staff, R. A. , Sanderson, D. C.W. , Cresswell, A. J. , Marshall, M. H., Hyodo, M., Horiuchi, D., Tada, R. and Nakagawa, T. (2022) Controls on luminescence signals in lake sediment cores: a study from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Quaternary Geochronology, 71, 101319. (doi: 10.1016/j.quageo.2022.101319)

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Abstract

The luminescence characteristics of sediments are driven by a range of environmental factors and can be used as indicators of both local and regional environmental shifts. Hence, rapid luminescence profiling techniques are increasingly employed during multiproxy analysis of sediment cores, overcoming the practical limitations of traditional (dating) methods. One emerging application of luminescence profiling is in the palaeoenvironmental investigation of lake cores. This study demonstrates the versatility of rapid core profiling using portable optically stimulated luminescence and laboratory profiling techniques for appraising the luminescence characteristics of the Lake Suigetsu (Japan) sediment cores. These techniques were employed across four key time periods, each selected for their unique environmental context and significance on either a local or global scale, in order to identify relationships between down-core luminescence and environmental change. We demonstrate that the luminescence characteristics of the cores are susceptible to a range of environmental perturbations and can therefore act as proxies of past change. Additionally, the quantification of these luminescence signals, alongside an assessment of dose rate variations down-core, supports the notion that future luminescence dating is feasible. The results of this analysis contribute to the wider understanding of the application of luminescence techniques – both profiling and dating – to lake sediment cores.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. CLR received funding from the NERC IAPETUS2 Doctoral Training Partnership. The SG06 core was recovered under NERC grant NE/D000289/1 awarded to TN. The authors would like to thank Dr Valerie Olive for performing the ICP-MS and ICP-OES analysis.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Staff, Dr Richard and Cresswell, Dr Alan and Sanderson, Professor David and Rex, Charlie
Authors: Rex, C. L., Staff, R. A., Sanderson, D. C.W., Cresswell, A. J., Marshall, M. H., Hyodo, M., Horiuchi, D., Tada, R., and Nakagawa, T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Quaternary Geochronology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1871-1014
ISSN (Online):1878-0350
Published Online:29 April 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Quaternary Geochronology 71:101319
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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