SF2/ASF binds the human papillomavirus type 16 late RNA control element and is regulated during differentiation of virus-infected epithelial cells

McPhillips, M. G., Veerapraditsin, T., Cumming, S. A., Karali, D., Milligan, S. G., Boner, W. , Morgan, I. M. and Graham, S. V. (2004) SF2/ASF binds the human papillomavirus type 16 late RNA control element and is regulated during differentiation of virus-infected epithelial cells. Journal of Virology, 78, pp. 10598-10605. (doi:10.1128/JVI.78.19.10598-10605.2004) (PMID:15367627) (PMCID:PMC516382)

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Abstract

Pre-mRNA splicing occurs in the spliceosome, which is composed of small ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) and many non-snRNP components. SR proteins, so called because of their C-terminal arginine- and serine-rich domains (RS domains), are essential members of this class. Recruitment of snRNPs to 5′ and 3′ splice sites is mediated and promoted by SR proteins. SR proteins also bridge splicing factors across exons to help to define these units and have a central role in alternative and enhancer-dependent splicing. Here, we show that the SR protein SF2/ASF is part of a complex that forms upon the 79-nucleotide negative regulatory element (NRE) that is thought to be pivotal in posttranscriptional regulation of late gene expression in human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16). However, the NRE does not contain any active splice sites, is located in the viral late 3′ untranslated region, and regulates RNA-processing events other than splicing. The level of expression and extent of phosphorylation of SF2/ASF are upregulated with epithelial differentiation, as is subcellular distribution, specifically in HPV-16-infected epithelial cells, and expression levels are controlled, at least in part, by the virus transcription regulator E2.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Graham, Professor Sheila and Cumming, Dr Sarah and Morgan, Professor Iain and Milligan, Mr Steven and McPhillips, Dr Maria and Boner, Dr Winifred
Authors: McPhillips, M. G., Veerapraditsin, T., Cumming, S. A., Karali, D., Milligan, S. G., Boner, W., Morgan, I. M., and Graham, S. V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Journal Abbr.:J. Virol.
ISSN:0022-538X
ISSN (Online):1098-5514

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