Vibrational spectroscopy of hexahalo complexes

Parker, S. F., Williams, K. P. J., Smith, T., Ramirez-Cuesta, A. J. and Daemen, L. L. (2022) Vibrational spectroscopy of hexahalo complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 61(15), pp. 5844-5854. (doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c00125) (PMID:35380803)

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Abstract

Halogenated inorganic complexes Ax[MHaly] (A = alkali metal or alkaline earth, M = transition or main group metal, x = 1–3, and y = 2–9) are an archetypal class of compounds that provide entry points to large areas of inorganic and physical chemistry. All of the hexahalo complexes adopt an octahedral, Oh, symmetry (or nearly so). Consequently, one of the bending modes is forbidden in both the infrared and Raman spectra. In the solid state, many of the complexes crystallize in the cubic space group Fm3̅m, which preserves the octahedral symmetry. Even for those that are not cubic, the octahedral symmetry of the [MHal6]n− ion is largely retained and, to a good approximation, so are the selection rules. In the present work, we show that by using the additional information provided by neutron vibrational spectroscopy, in combination with conventional optical spectroscopies, we can generate complete and unambiguous assignments for all the modes. Comparison of the experimental and calculated transition energies for the systems where periodic-density functional theory was possible (i.e., those for which the crystal structure is known) shows that the agreement is almost quantitative. We also provide a linear relationship that enables the prediction of the forbidden mode.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Parker, Dr Stewart
Authors: Parker, S. F., Williams, K. P. J., Smith, T., Ramirez-Cuesta, A. J., and Daemen, L. L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Inorganic Chemistry
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0020-1669
ISSN (Online):1520-510X
Published Online:05 April 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in Inorganic Chemistry 61(15): 5844-5854
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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